The NCA Guide to Brewing Essentials

Coffee is a personal thing – the most effective way to make it depends on what you like about it most.

However, understanding some fundamentals can aid in achieving your goal. We encourage you to try different roasts, sources, or cooking methods.

Here are our suggestions to make an old-fashioned morning cup.

Benefits of coffee

The Equipment

Be sure that the tools including filter and bean grinders to coffee makers are cleaned thoroughly following each use.

Rinse the coffee with clean, hot water (or wipe clean) and then dry using an absorbent towel. It is important to ensure that no grounds are left to collect and there’s not any accumulation in coffee oils ( caffeol) that could make subsequent cups of coffee taste bitter and rancid.

If you’re using a single-serve coffee maker read our tips to keep your machine in top condition.

The Beans

A great cup of coffee begins with good beans. The flavor and quality of your coffee isn’t solely determined by the method of brewing as well as the kind of coffee you choose to use. There’s a world of differences between different roasts, therefore, take a look at our roasting guide.

A few of the factors that influence flavor are:

  • The region and the country of the country of
  • The variety of beans such as arabica, robusta or a mix
  • Roast is a type of roast type
  • Your texture grind

Although there are lots of choices, it’s important to remember that there is no right or wrong . For instance, you can select a dark, delicious espresso roast coffee, and grind it for brewing in drip systems. Try and enjoy diverse combinations.


Get your coffee as quickly as possible after roasting. Fresh-roasted coffee is the key to have a great cup, so purchase the coffee you want in smaller portions (ideally every 1 to 2 weeks). Learn more regarding the best way to keep your coffee so that it stays as fresh and tasty as you can.

Don’t use the same coffee grounds again for coffee. After the coffee is brewed, all the good flavors of coffee have gone and only bitter flavors remain. Instead, look over these methods to reuse the grounds you have brewed..

The Grind

If you are buying the whole beans, you must grind the beans at the same time to ensure maximum freshness. Mill or burr grinder is the best choice since the coffee is grinded in a consistent manner.

Blade grinders are less preferred because certain coffees will be ground finer than the other. If you usually grind the coffee you make at home using a blade grinder, consider grinding it at the grocery store using the burr grinder. You’ll be amazed by the different! (Whichever method you choose ensure that you follow the manufacturer’s instructions when using the grinder and be aware of any safety requirements that you need to be aware of. )

A grind’s size is crucial to the flavor of the coffee you drink . If the coffee you drink is bitter, it could be excessively extracted or grind too fine. However when your coffee is flat, it might be under-extracted. This means that your grind isn’t fine enough.

(Check the details of this easy information graphics for help to decide on the most suitable texture for your preferred method of brewing.)

If you’re getting the ground coffee brewed to order, be sure to inform the experts at the place you buy the coffee precisely how you’ll be making it. Are you using the French Press? A flat or cone drip filter? Filter made of gold? They’ll mill it specifically for the preparation method you are using.

The Water

The water you drink is vital for the taste of coffee. Choose filtered or bottled drinking water if the water you get from your tap isn’t as good and has an unpleasant smell or taste, like chlorine.

If you’re using tapwater, let it run for a few seconds prior to filling up your coffee maker, and ensure you make use of cold water. Avoid softened or distilled water.

Ratio Coffee-to-Water

A common guideline is”the “Golden Ratio” – between one and two tablespoons of ground coffee per every six eight ounces of drinking water. It can be altered according to individual tastes.

Take a look at the cup lines and indicators on the specific brewer to determine what they are actually measuring. Also, remember that some of the water is lost due to evaporation when using certain methods of brewing.

Water Temperature

Safety first! It is a given that when you’re working with hot drinks and heat ensure that you take the necessary precautions, starting with those making coffee, to the ones serving, and even drinking coffee.

Your brewer needs to maintain a temperature range of 200 and 205 degrees Fahrenheit to ensure optimal extraction. A colder water can result in un-extracted, flat coffee when it is too hot, and excessively hot water could cause decrease in the flavor and flavor of coffee. (However, cold brew does not require any heating.)

If you’re making the coffee by hand allow the water to come to a complete boil, but don’t over heat. Switch off the source of heat and let the water be a moment before pouring it onto the grounds.

The coffee usually cools quickly when served, based on the container in the which it’s served. Additionally, many coffee drinkers might add milk or cream that also have an effect of cooling. In the end, the temperature at which a particular coffee drinker prefers their coffee is their own personal preference, just like many other factors that make coffee unique. Here are a few reasons to serve coffee shortly after brewing, once it’s fresh and hot. The cupping quality standards recommend the brewing temperature to be 200°F. If serving hot drinks in clinical or retail environments that could lead to burning or scalding temperatures are recommended. People who drink coffee often want to serve cold cream or milk or simply allow the beverage to cool down to the ideal temperature for drinking. A study found that people who drink coffee typically consume their coffee at temperatures of 140 degrees Fahrenheit or lower.

Safety must always be the top priority when you are preparing or serving hot beverages, either you are serving it to yourself or your customer. For specific industry information we suggest you browse the resources we have available to you, including our Food Safety Plan Templates and Workplace Safety resources. Also, always consult with your internal counsel prior to making any decisions regarding safety because NCA is unable to provide specific advice about a particular workplace or particular situation.

Brewing Time

The duration of time the water comes into contact with coffee grounds is another significant flavoring factor.

In a drip system you should allow around 5 minutes. If you’re making your coffee with the French Press, the contact time should be around 2-4 minutes. Espresso is particularly quick in its time to brew because the coffee will be in contact with water for about 20-30 seconds. Cold brew, on other hand, must be brewed for a long time (about 12 hours).

If you’re unhappy with the flavor of the product you’ve purchased, it’s likely that:

  • O ver-extracting The brew-time is far too long
  • Over-extractingThe brew duration is way too short

Try experimenting with the contact time until you have the ideal balance that suits your tastes.

Enjoy your coffee!

Coffee that is prepared begins to lose its flavor after it’s brewed. Therefore, only prepare enough coffee to consume. If you don’t, the coffee can be placed in the thermos, which is heated and insulated to drink within an hour.

(Don’t be worried Don’t be concerned – old coffee likely isn’t a danger but it’s not attractive. Make sure to use your best judgment before you consume anything, regardless of what you discover online. Internet.)

Take your time drinking your coffee as attentively as you prepared it and enjoy the aroma and be aware of the aromas in every sip. There are many individuals have played a role in bringing the coffee to your cup.

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